Esopus

A.K.A.: Changed to Wildwyck (after the First Esopus War) and, later, Kingston
Nearby Communities: Rochester (Raysester), Marbletown (Mormel), Hurley (New Village or Nieuw Dorp), New Paltz, Saugerties, Wawarsing
Location: Ulster County, New York
Background Information: In 1652, the Englishman Thomas Chambers purchased land from a group of Esopus Indians. Settlers, many from the Dutch patroonship (see glossary) of Rensselaerswyck, began arriving within a year of the transaction. Relations between the Dutch and the Native Americans broke down and there was an outbreak of war (First Esopus War) in 1659-60. The Kingston Stockade (pictured above) was built. The Second Esopus War occurred in 1663. On 7 Jun 1663, Wildwyck and Nieuw Dorp were attacked. The residents were commanded not to leaved the fortified area without permission and an armed escort. In 1664, the English took over New Netherland and Wildwyck became Kingston. The English occupiers and the Dutch residents coexist peacefully and, on 4 Feb 1667, the Esopus Mutiny took place.

Sources

Baptismal and Marriage Records:
Hoes, Roswell Randall (comp.), Baptismal and Marriage Registers of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston, Ulster County, New York, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1997.

Death, Burial, and Probate Records:
Anjou, Gustave, Ulster County, New York, Probate Records, 2 vols., 1906.

Court and Other Civil Records:
Versteeg, Dingman, New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch: Kingston Papers, 2 vols., Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1976.

Histories:
Fried, Marc B., The Early History of Kingston & Ulster County, N.Y., Ulster County Historical Society, 1975.
Park Net- http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/kingston/colonization.htm

Historians:
Hope Farm Contact List- http://www.hopefarm.com/ulstrhst.htm

Publications:
Brink, Benjamin Myer, Olde Ulster Magazine, Jan 1905-Dec 1914, available through Hope Farm- http://www.hopefarm.com/oldulstr.htm

Historical Societies:
Ulster County Genealogical Society- http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyucgs/


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Last updated 15 Nov 2003.
© Michelle Boyd, 2003.