Adriaen Crijnen Post and Claartje Moockers

    Adriaen Crijnen Post married Claartje Moockers. They were possibly from the Hague, Netherlands (on of the children is listed in his marriage record as being from the Hague. The first known record of the Post family was when they lived for a while in West India Company's colony in Recife, Brazil. After returning home to the Netherlands, the family sailed for the colony of New Netherland 30 June 1650 aboard the "New Netherland's Fortune" and arrived on 19 December 1650.
    As the representative of Baron Hendrick van der Capellen, Adriaen led a group in settling a successful colony on Staten Island. The colony was attacked and burned by Hackensack Indians on 15 Sep 1655 as a result of the Peach Tree War. Among the sixty-seven prisoners were Adriaen, Claartje, their children, and two servants of the Post family.
    Chief Penneckeck sent Adriaen to bargain with Peter Stuyvesant for the prisoners' release that October. Adriaen traveled to and from Manhattan and the Natives' base at Paulus Hook, New Jersey several times before a negotiation was made. Many of the prisoners, including Claartje and the children, were exchanged for ammunition, wampum, and blankets.
    By van der Capellen's orders, Adriaen and the other survivors returned to Staten Island to build a fort. He gathered the cattle that had survived the attack, butchering some and using others for milk, in an effort to feed his group. By the next spring, Adriaen was too ill to perform his duties. Claartje asked that someone else be appointed agent to van der Capellen and, in April, she petitioned Stuyvesant to keep soldiers on the island. Stuyvesant decided against it since there were so few people there.
    The family later moved to what is now Bergen, New Jersey, becoming some of the first settlers of the Acquackononk Tract. Adriaen remained active in public life. As an ensign in the Bergen Burgher Guard, he took an oath of allegiance on 22 November 1665. Philip Carteret, the governor of New Jersey, requested Adriaen as an interpreter in a meeting to purchase land from the sachem, Oraton, in May of 1666. Adriaen also served on jury at the Admiralty Court at Elizabethtown in May of 1671, was elected as a representative of Bergen to the New Jersey General Assembly on 7 June 1673, and became a Lieutenant in Bergen's militia in 1675. Adriaen was buried 18 February 1677 in Bergen, Hudson, New Jersey.

Adriaen and Claartje had: [1]

1. Adrian Post[2] "from the Hague", married Catrintje Gerritse Van Wegenen 17 Apr 1677 in Bergen, Hudson, New Jersey, died 1688 or 1689. [3]
2. Maria Post, baptized 6 Jun 1649 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, SA, married 1) Jan Albertsen Bradt, the son of Albert Bradt and Annetje Barents, and 2) Eduwart Carbert 26 Nov 1699 in Albany, Albany, New York.
3. Margarita Post, baptized 6 Jun 1657 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland, married Johannes De Hooges 4 Dec 1675 in Kingston, Ulster, New York.
4. Francoys Post, baptized 17 Mar 1659 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland, married 1) Maeyke Cobus 22 Apr 1690.
5. Geertruyd Post, baptized 21 Aug 1663 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland.

Sources:
1. Van Giesen, R., Bergen, New Jersey Burials, (Names of the [Persons] who have died and were buried within the jurisdiction of Bergen and around New York by me R. Van Giesen, in my capacity of Undertaker (Aanspreker)).
2. Hoes, Roswell Randall (comp.), Baptismal and Marriage Registers of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston, Ulster County, New York, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1997 (originally published by De Vinne Press (New York), 1891).
3. O'Callaghan, E. B., The History of New Netherland, or New York under the Dutch, Vol. II, NY: D. Appleton & Co., 1855, p. 291.
4. Schulze, Lorine McGinnis, The New Jersey Post Family: Descendants of Adriaen Crijnen Post & Clara (Claartje) Moockers, 1999.
5. Shaw, William H. (comp.), History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey, Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1884, vol. II, ch. VII (p. 916-922).
6. The Doopregister Hollanders in Brazilie, 1633-1654.
7. Brassard, Theodore (comp.), Baptisms at the Reformed Dutch Church of New Amsterdam (1639-1730), Nottingham, NH: http://www.altlaw.com/edball/dutchbap.htm, 2000.
8. Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York, 1683-1809, excerpted from the Year Books of the Holland Society of New York.
9. Brodhead, John Romeyn, History of the State of New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 1853, Pgs. 524-5
10. Bergen DRC Marriages, 1666-1788, Holland Society Yearbook, 1914.
11. Baptisms of the Dutch Reformed Church of Bergen, N.J., 1666-1789, Holland Society Yearbook, 1913


Baptisms

Baptism Date Ouders (Parents) Child Get (Sponsors)
1649 Adriaen Crijnen Post Maria Jan Gerretsen,
6 June en Clara Moocerks Brecht Champers

Source: Doopregister Hollanders in Brazilie, 1633-1654.


Records of Baptisms of the Reformed Church at New Amsterdam.

Baptism Date Parents Child Witnesses
1657 Capt. Adriaen Post Margarita Pieter Tenneman,
6 June Cornelia Van Buuren
1659 Adriaen Post-Capt. Francoys Dirck Van Scheluynen,
17 Mar Jannetje Steynmutsen
1663 Adriaen Post, Geertruyd Nicolaes Booth,
21 Aug Clara Fytie Michiels

Source: Brassard, Theodore (comp.), Baptisms at the Reformed Dutch Church of New Amsterdam (1639-1730), Nottingham, NH: http://www.altlaw.com/edball/dutchbap.htm, 2000.


Kingston Marriage Register.

Page 503, Marriage #31
4 Dec. 1675
JOHANNES DE HOOGES, j. m., and MARGARITA POST, j. d. Banns recorded, 17 Nov., with consent of his Father and Mother, and with consent of her Father. "Married after three lawful publications in the church."

Source: Hoes, Roswell Randall (comp.), Baptismal and Marriage Registers of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston, Ulster County, New York, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1997 (originally published by De Vinne Press (New York), 1891).


Marriages

17 Apr 1677 Adriaan Post, ym, from the Hague, Catryna Gerrits, yd, from Wageninge in Gelderland

22 Apr 1690; Frans Post, Maeyke Cobus

Source: Bergen DRC Marriages, 1666-1788, Holland Society Yearbook, 1914.


Marriage Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York

1699, Nov. 26. Eduwart Carbert, young man, born in England, and Maria Post, widow of Jan Brat, born in Brazil, both living at Albany. Married in Albany by Dirrick Wesselse and Albert Ryckman, Justices.

Source: Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York, 1683-1809, excerpted from the Year Books of the Holland Society of New York.


From "Burials in the Village of Bergen in New Jersey"

1677, Feb 18, Bur. Cap. Adriaen Post at Bergen

Source: Van Giesen, R., Bergen, New Jersey Burials, (Names of the [Persons] who have died and were buried within the jurisdiction of Bergen and around New York by me R. Van Giesen, in my capacity of Undertaker (Aanspreker)).


"Melyn...availed himself of the growing interest in New Netherland to induce Baron Hendrick van de Capellen, of Ryssel, one of the committee of the States General, and several Amsterdam merchants, to form an association for the colonization of Staten Island and its neighborhood. A ship called the "New Netherland's Fortune" was purchased, in which some twenty colonists, with proper farming implements, were sent out, under the charge of Adriaen Pos. Procuring a new letter of safe conduct from the States General, 1650. Melyn set sail in his influential friend's vessel; which, forced by a long and boisterous voyage to put into Rhode Island for supplies, did not reach Manhattan until midwinter. Stuyvesant eagerly availed himself of this deviation as a pretext to seize the ship and vent his animosity against the patroon, by prosecuting him as the alleged owner. As the vessel was owned by Van de Capellen and his associates in Holland, the action against Melyn failed; but the ship and cargo were nevertheless confiscated and sold."

Source: Brodhead, John Romeyn, History of the State of New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 1853, Pgs. 524-5.


"List of yeomanry, men, women and children, men and maid servants, sent to New Netherland on Staten Island, since May, 1650; by Baron Hendrik van de Capelle tot Ryssel in the West Indies; and who survived that cruel and bloody destruction by the Indians, in September, 1655...
1. Capt. Adriaen Pos, with wife, five children, one servant, one girl; reside yet on the Island...
...In all 67 living souls. Recorded in this manner at Zutphen, on the 14th November, 1657, by the wife of Capt. Pos, and by the farmer Jan Aertsen van Heerde." Alb. Rec. viii., 158.

Source: O'Callaghan, E. B., The History of New Netherland, or New York under the Dutch, Vol. II, NY: D. Appleton & Co., 1855, p. 291.


Note: There are several more cases in the New Amsterdam records mentioning Capt. Adriaen Post. I am awaiting the reopening of the local family history center, which is being remodeled. When it does reopen, I will be able to look up the remainder of the cases. Thank you for your patience. MB

From Volume I, Pg. 410, Monday, 29 Nov. 1655:

Jannetie Melyns, pltf. v/s Capt. Pos, deft. Deft. in default.

From Volume II, Pg. 201, Monday, 30th Octobr. 1656:

Aryaen Woutersen, deft. v/s Capt. Pos, deft. Pltf's wife appears in Court and whereas her husband is in the place, default was granted against both.

From Volume II, Pg. 259, Monday, 8th Jany. 1657:

Jan Rutgersen, pltf. v/s Capt. Pos, deft. In case of arrest. Defendant in default. And whereas informationis given that deft. is within this City, the said arrest is declared invalid.

From Volume III, Pg. 145, Tuesday, 16th March, 1660:

Barent Cruytdop, pltf v/s Capt. Post, deft. Pltf demands from deft. fl 29.7 in Zeawant. Deft. admits the debt and says he never spoke to him about it until now. The W. court order deft. to pay the pltf. in six weeks.

From Volume III, Pg. 181, Tuesday, 22d June, 1660:

Barent Cruytdop, arrestant and pltf v/s Capt. Post, arrested and deft. Defts 2nd default. pltf sues out the arrest issued against the deft. The court declare the arrest valid.

From Volume III, Pg. 409, Tuesday, 15 Novembr. 1661:

Capt. Pos, pltf. v/s Severyn Lauwerens, deft. Deft. in default.

Source: Fernow, Berthold (ed.), Records of New Amsterdam from 1653 to 1674 Anno Domini, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976.


"Minute of the Return of 14 Prisoners (Men, Women, and Children) by Pennekeck, Chief of Achkinkeshaky.

"Monday, the 18th of October 1655.
"Whereas the chief of the Indians of Achkinkeshaky by name Pennekeok, has sent yesterday the 17th October, with Captain Post, one of the prisoners, fourteen Dutch people, men, women and children, to the Honble Director-General as a token of his good heart and intention and said chief requested, that the Honble Director-General would show his kindheartedness by sending some powder and lead.
"The Director-General and Council finding the request of Pennekeck of importance and having considered the present situation of affairs, have resolved and concluded, to send him, as a reward and token of affection two Indians, taken prisoners by our people, although not of his nation, and to give him some powder and lead, hoping by these means to get the other Christians in a friendly manner and at the same time to inform him, that when all the Christian prisoners have been returned to us, he shall be rewarded courteously. Thus done in Council of the Honble Director-General and Council, date as above.
(signed) "P. Stuyvesant, LaMontagne, Cor. Van Tienhoven."

"Message of the Indians Sent with Some Prisoners and Answer Thereto.

"21st October 1655.
"Some powder and lead for 28 of our prisoners having been brought over to the Indians by Adriaen Post and Claes Jansen Ruyter, accompanied by Pieter Wolphertsen, pursuant to the resolution of the 19th October, they return this day and bring the said 28 prisoners according to the promise made by the Indians; and report, that the Sachem Pennekeck had directed them to tell the Honble Director-General, that Claes Jansen de Ruyter must return again to-day and bring with him a quantity of goods, as powder, lead, duffels, guns, wampum, etc to ransom the prisoners, who were still among them, 20 to 24 persons, else he would go with them into the interior. It was resolved, to send the aforesaid persons over again and to ask how much they would take for the whole batch of prisoners or for each single one. Date as above."

"Answer of the Indians to the Foregoing.

"26th October 1655.
"To-day, the 20th of October, Captain Adriaen Post and Claes Jansen de Ruyter came over from Paulus Hook and reported, that they had had a conference there with the chief of Achkinkeshaky and his people and other savages of Mochgeychkonk. They declared on their word of honor to the Council and related, that the said chief Pennekeck had, in the name of the other savages, directed them to tell and request the Honble Director-General, that, if his Honor would be pleased to send him and his people 75 pounds of powder and 40 bars of lead in three kegs, either as ransom or as present, they would immediately surrender the 28 prisoners.
"The Honble Director-General and Council and the Burgomasters of this City having heard the report of the aforesaid persons and having further seriously considered the inconvenience of the captured Christians, whose imprisonment rather ties our hands, they have with common advice and consent resolved (however unwillingly), for the sake of the prisoners' preservation and in the hope to recover them and the balance of the prisoners, to give to the savages the demanded lead and powder as ransom for the captives, as no other means can at present be discovered to recover them, and the more so, as they are scattered here and there among the Indians in the distant interior and to prove to them our sincere good-will, it is resolved to send them as a present 25 pounds of powder and 10 staves of lead over and above the ransom. Date as above: present were the Noble Director-General, the Honble Lamontagne and the Honble Fiscal Tienhoven."

"Petition of the Magistrates of Bergen, Asking to be Provided with a Clergyman.

"To the Noble, Very Worshipful, his Honor, the Director-General and the Honorable Council of New-Netherland.
"Show with due reverence the Schepens of the village of Bergen, that having observed and considered the fatherly direction and care of your Honble Worships in erecting churches and school-houses, they request that they may have a God fearing man and preacher, to be an example to and teach the fear of God in the community of Bergen and its jurisdiction. The Schepens have found it advisable, each for himself to propose it, to learn what every man would be willing to pay yearly of his free will, affection and love for God's holy and blessed word, to have a good teacher, till such a time, when the Noble Lords-Directors of the Incorporated West-India Company shall begin, according to the custom of the country, to levy tithes. After the Schepens had made these propositions the below named persons have voluntarily declared, that they will gives a yearly contribution; the sum to be paid by such voluntary offerings may be calculated at 417 guilders in wampum, but there are among these people some, who have expressed themselves willing to do more according to their abilities if God our Lord would bless them and increase their prosperity; among the others, who stated no sum, there are some very willing, some very dull, those, who are willing, are the majority and declare, that when a preacher comes, they too would do their best according to their circumstances, like the others...Your Honble Worships know, with what courage the village of Bergen has been established by the community and that the same has maintained itself at great expense to the inhabitants, without any trouble to the Lords-Directors. The community is therefore of opinion, that their Noble Honors should take that into consideration and therefore assist the village of Bergen so much readier according to their discretion and to send one over for one or two years at their expense; during that time the land will with God's help have increased in value, so that then that which the good hearted community will liberally give, can be taken for assistance...
...List of the voluntary contributors, with the sum promised by each...
Adrian Post 20 (fl.)

"Petition of Inhabitants of Bergen and Communipaw Against Fencing In Certain Lands and Order Thereon.

"To the Noble, Very Worshipful their Honor, the Director-General and Council of New-Netherland.
"Show with due reference the inhabitants of the villages of Bergen and Gemoenepa, that they, the petitioners have seen, that the Schout van Vleeck, Casper Steinmets and Harmen Smeeman have fenced in a parcel of highland, situate at the south end of the village enclosure, in the best part of the pasture, which they appropriate to themselves: it is also said, that Mr. Nicholas Varleth desires a piece of highland, situate at the north of the aforesaid village back of Hoboocken, which, if it is done, would tend to the ruin and destruction of this village, because they would be entirely deprived of an outlet for their cattle and nothing but a marshy underwood would remain to them, where already three or four animals have been smothered; hence there would hardly be any pasture left for the draught beasts, for the Mincqkaghoue people are also fencing in their land, so that this village will be enclosed in a fence all round. They therefore respectfully request, that your Honble Worships will please to make some provision and guard the common interests of the aforesaid village and of Gemoenepa. Awaiting hereupon your Honble Worships' favorable decision, etc.
"(Signed), Adolph Hardenbrooch, Adriaen Hendrick, Adriean Post, Laurens Andriessen, Dirck Gerritsen, [mark] the mark of Dirck Teunissen, Maghiel Jansen, Jan Scholten, Tomas Fredricks, Douwe Harmensen, [mark] the mark of Hendrick Teunnissen, [mark] the mark of Paulus Pietersen, Harmen de Vos, [mark] the mark of Jan Lubbersen, [mark] the mark of Eghbert Sanders, Baerent Lott, [mark] the mark of Claes Coresen, Christiaen Pietersen, [mark] the mark of Jan Swach, Jan Cornelissen, Engelbert Steenhuysen.

"It was answered:
"The petitioners or a committee of them shall appear with Tielman van Vleeck, Casper Steinmets and Harman Smeeman, mentioned in the foregoing petitions, personally before the Director-General and Council. Date as above (28th Decbr. 1662.)

"Order for the Survey of a Certain Tract of Land in Dispute, at Bergen.

"4th January 1663.
"Pursuant to the appointment made the 28th of December 1662 at the request of some inhabitants of the village of Bergen, Michiel Jansen, Adriaen Post and Jan Scholten made their appearance as deputies of the said village on one side and Tielman van Vleck, Casper Steinmets and Harman Smeeman on the other aide.
"The said deputies state, that it would cause great damage to their village, if the other party continued with the fencing in of the high ground in question, granted to them 22d Xbr 1601.
"The aforesaid van Vleeck and Company maintained on the other side that no obstacle whatever could arise therefrom to the said village.
"After hearing the parties, it was ordered, that the piece of land in dispute, granted to the said van Vleeck upon his petition by the order of the 22d December 1661, should be surveyed and that the surveyor shall make a report of its situation and area to their Honors, the Director-General and Council. After that directions will be given upon the petition. Date as above."

Source: Shaw, William H. (comp.), History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey, Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1884, vol. II, ch. VII (p. 916-922).


Footnotes

[1] Lorine McGinnis Schulze recorded that Adriaen and Claartje also had two more daughters: Lysbeth, born about 1654, who died between 1663 and 1668, and another Lysbeth, born about 1668. As of yet, I have no primary sources to prove this. They probably did have more children, as in the report, written in 1657, of the survivors of an Indian attack in 1655, they are reported to have five children. Of the five known children, Margarita, Francoys, and Geertruyd were known to have been born after the attack and Francoys and Geertruyd were born after the report was made. Whether Adrian had been born by that time is uncertain. So, depending on whether or not Adrian was born by then and on whether or not Claartje counted Margarita as a survivor on the list (even though she did not actually live through the attack), there are between 2-4 children unaccounted for (one of which could have been the first Lysbeth).
[2] The idea that Adrian was the son of Adriaen Post and Claartje Moockers is based on the following: First, Adrian had the following children in the Bergen, Hudson, New Jersey baptismal record-Adrian (1678), Gerrit (1680), Claertje (1681), son who died unbaptized (1684), Pieter (1688) and Johannes (1689)-and one child recorded in the New Amsterdam record-Annetie (1685). Under the traditional Dutch naming system, Adrian's parents are most likely named Adrian and Claertje. That Adrian and Catrintje were using this system to name their children is supported by the fact that their second son is named Gerrit, which would have been Catrintje's father's name according to patronymics. Second, one of the witnesses of Adrian's daughter Annetie's baptism was Frans Post, who is known to be a son of Adriaen Post and Claartje Moockers, indicating a close relationship between Frans and Adrian's family.
[3] Adrian's death date was ascertained by the following baptismal record in Bergen, Hudson, New Jersey: "1689 Jun 10; Adrian Post (obyt), Catryna Gerrits; Johannes; Hermanus Gerritse, Cristoffel Steynmets, Catrina Michielse wife of Walingh Jacobs". In 1691, "Catryna Gerrits widow of Adrian Post", appears as a baptismal witness in Bergen and also remarried in Bergen: "1691, 31 Jul; Gerrit Steynmets (widower of Vrouwtje Claes) living in Hasymus; Catryna Gerrits (widow of Adriaan Post) living in Achquechnonk".


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